New Required Minimum Distribution Rules for 2024: What You Need to Know

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About Mark Kollar

Mark Kollar is a well-known financial educator in the Chicago area and the host of the popular weekly financial radio show, Retirement and Income Radio. He is sought after throughout Illinois for his expertise in retirement planning and retirement income planning. As a Registered Financial Consultant and a Certified Estate Planning Professional, he has pledged always to put the needs of his clients above his own.

Disclaimer: Although we consider this information accurate at publication, this topic changes.  Make sure you work with a licensed and authorized professional before making any final decision.

As we approach 2024, it’s crucial to understand the latest updates on required minimum distributions (RMDs) from retirement accounts. The SECURE 2.0 Act, signed into law in December 2022, has introduced significant changes to RMD rules, impacting retirees and those planning for retirement. This article will guide you through the new RMD rules for 2024, including age requirements, tax implications, and charitable distribution limits.

RMD Age Requirement Changes

Before the SECURE 2.0 Act, individuals were required to take RMDs from their traditional IRAs and 401(k)s at age 72. The new legislation increased this age to 73 starting in 2023. Additionally, those born in 1960 or later can now delay their RMDs until age 75, beginning in 2033. If you were born between 1951 and 1959, you must start your RMDs after turning 73. This adjustment allows for more flexibility in retirement planning, giving individuals additional time to let their investments grow tax-deferred.

RMDs and Medicare Costs

RMDs may have a significant impact on your Medicare premiums. The amount you pay for Medicare Part B and Part D is based on your income. By delaying RMDs until age 73, you might benefit from lower premiums initially. However, once you start taking RMDs, your income will increase, potentially leading to higher Medicare premiums. It’s important to plan your withdrawals strategically to manage these costs effectively.

Tax Implications of RMDs

Starting RMDs at age 73 may also affect your tax situation. Increased withdrawals might result in higher taxable income, which may push you into a higher tax bracket. This not only increases your current tax bill but may also affect the taxes your heirs will owe on inherited retirement accounts. Proper planning may help mitigate these effects, such as coordinating distributions with your other income sources or considering Roth conversions to reduce future RMDs.

Penalties for Missing RMDs

Failing to take an RMD on time may result in substantial penalties. Prior to the SECURE 2.0 Act, the penalty for missing an RMD was 50% of the amount not withdrawn. This has been reduced to 25%, and if the error is corrected within two years, the penalty drops further to 10%. In some cases, the IRS may waive the penalty if you show that the missed RMD was due to a reasonable error and that steps are being taken to correct it. To avoid penalties, consider setting up automatic withdrawals or marking your calendar with important RMD deadlines.

Qualified Charitable Distributions

For 2024, the limit for qualified charitable distributions (QCDs) from IRAs has increased. Individuals aged 70 1/2 and older may make QCDs of up to $105,000 per year, up from $100,000 in 2023. These distributions may count toward your RMD for the year and are excluded from taxable income, making them an effective tax planning tool. Additionally, a one-time gift of up to $53,000 may be made to eligible entities through charitable gift annuities or remainder trusts.

Roth 401(k) RMDs Eliminated

Starting in 2024, Roth 401(k) accounts are no longer subject to RMDs. Previously, retirees had to roll over their Roth 401(k)s into Roth IRAs to avoid RMDs. This change simplifies retirement planning and aligns Roth 401(k) rules with Roth IRA rules, which have never required RMDs. This new provision allows Roth 401(k) account holders to keep their funds invested and growing tax-free for a longer period.

Understanding the new RMD rules for 2024 is essential for effective retirement planning. The changes brought by the SECURE 2.0 Act provide more flexibility and opportunities for tax-efficient withdrawals. Whether you’re approaching the new RMD age or planning charitable distributions, staying informed about these updates will help you make the best decisions for your financial future. Consult with a financial advisor to tailor these rules to your specific situation and maximize your retirement benefits.

As the landscape of retirement planning evolves, staying informed about the latest changes is crucial. To ensure you’re making the most of the new RMD rules and optimizing your retirement strategy, reach out to a trusted financial advisor today. They may provide personalized guidance and help you navigate these updates to secure a more stable financial future.

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About Mark Kollar

Mark Kollar is a well-known financial educator in the Chicago area and the host of the popular weekly financial radio show, Retirement and Income Radio. He is sought after throughout Illinois for his expertise in retirement planning and retirement income planning. As a Registered Financial Consultant and a Certified Estate Planning Professional, he has pledged always to put the needs of his clients above his own.

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