Brokered Certificates of Deposit are sold through Securities Broker Dealers and Deposit Brokers rather than directly through the issuing bank. Brokers purchase the CD from the issuing bank on the investor’s behalf.
Typically Brokered CDs are long term commitments. A Brokered CD could have a term of 10 or 20 years. The value of the Brokered CD is set for the time duration offered by the bank. But the actual value of the Brokered CD changes daily based on general interest rates available to the consumer.
In many ways Brokered CDs are the same as a bond, the bond will pay a specified interest rate for a specified time periods but if the bond is sold prior to maturity, the actual amount received by the bond owner may be higher or lower than the face value. The same is true with Brokered CDs, the value changes daily prior to maturity. One difference between a bond and a Brokered CD is the backing guarantees, most Brokered CDs are FDIC insured and guaranteed. A bond is guaranteed by the issuer of the bond and is always subject to the possibility of default.
Brokered CDS will generally pay out at a higher rate and are more liquid, however even though they can easily be sold to another buyer prior to maturity, the full return on principal is only guaranteed if the brokered CD is held to maturity.
The current market values of Brokered Certificates of Deposit are published monthly, so investors are easily able to compare their principal to the market value and calculate the effect of an early sale on their principal investment.
Typically, there is no certificate issued for Brokered CDs. They are bought and sold on a “book entry” basis, meaning that the broker holds the CD in a custodial account for the depositor, which is a standard practice in the securities industry. Many banks are moving into this process with their traditional CDs as well.
Since Brokered CDs are “brokered” fees can be charged by those selling the Brokered CD. The fee, which can be modest, will be disclosed to you prior to purchasing and it should be calculated into the actual yield you will earn.
Risk should also be considered when considering a Brokered CD. A major risk of brokered CDs is market risk. This is the risk that you’ll sell your CD in the secondary market for less than you paid. If you keep your Brokered CD until maturity you will eliminate this risk.
If a long term commitment of your important money in return for a fair yield fits your goals, a Brokered CD could have value to you.
A great source for bank cd information can be found at www.bankcds.com.